When most people imagine an internet address, they don’t imagine anything like 192.168.1.254. Despite its strange appearance, 192.168.1.254 is the default IP address of many routers, and there’s a good chance that you’ll encounter it if you ever decide to change your WiFi name, password, or just about any other setting. Among the brands of routers that are known to use the 192.168.1.254 router IP address are:
Even though 192.168.1.254 may look like a very atypical address to someone who doesn’t have much experience with computer networks, there’s actually nothing strange about it.
It’s simply one of the IP addresses that have been reserved for private networks by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), an open standards organization that develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, and the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), a nonprofit private American corporation that oversees global IP address allocation.
Everything You Need to Know About Private IP Addresses
As you may know, all devices connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication are assigned an Internet Protocol address (IP address). This numerical label helps with host or network interface identification and location addressing.
Because IP addresses are hard to remember, we typically use domain names instead when we want to connect to computers, services, or other resources on the Internet.
What you may not realize is that every domain name you type into the URL bar of your favorite web browser is actually translated into an IP address using a hierarchical decentralized naming system called the Domain Name System (DNS).
Not all available IP addresses are, however, intended for public use. In the IPv4 address space, the address space most devices still use today, there are three IPv4 address ranges for private networks:
- 10.0.0.0 – 10.255.255.255: this 24-bit block contains 16,777,216 private IP addresses.
- 172.16.0.0 – 172.31.255.255: this 20-bit block contains 1,048,576 private IP addresses.
- 192.168.0.0 – 192.168.255.255: this 16-bit block contains 65,536 private IP addresses.
As you can see, 192.168.1.254 is part of the 16-bit block that contains 65,535 other private IP addresses. A router with the 192.168.1.254 private IP address typically assigns all devices connected to it other private IP addresses from the same range, such as 192.168.0.1, 192.168.1.1, 192.168.2.1, and so on.