The Default IP Address

Router IP addresses such as still cause far more confusion than they should. To help you take control over your own router, we’ve put together this article, which describes in detail the purpose of the IP address and explains how similar IP addresses can be used to manage routers.

What Is the IP Address?

The IP address is supposed to be a private IP address. All IP addresses consist of four numerical values separated by dots. For example, is a valid IP address, and so is,, or

As you might have already noticed, the IP address consists of five numerical values – 192, 168, 1, 1, and 1 – which makes it invalid. In most cases, the shouldn’t have the last numerical value, which means that it should be

All IP addresses are used to identify devices on a computer network, and is no exception. However, this IP address is used to identify devices connected to a special kind of computer network called private network.

Private networks use the private IP address space, which consists of three blocks of IP address: 16-bit block, 20-bit block, and 24-bit block. The IP address belongs to the first block, along with 65,535 other IP addresses, ranging from to

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What Is the Purpose of the IP Address?

The purpose of the IP address, or to be exact, is to identify a device on a private network. Private networks are commonly found in the office, enterprise, and even residential environments. They make it possible for devices to communicate with one another without being reachable from the internet.

Imagine you run a small business and want to give all employees the ability to print documents from a single printer. You could give the printer a public IP address and make it reachable from the internet (perhaps protected by a password), but that would be a huge security risk that wouldn’t be advisable to take.

A much better alternative is to give the printer a private IP address so that only devices on the same network can reach it. However, the IP address isn’t typically used for printers but routers. All routers come with a web interface that makes it possible to more or less easily change various settings, and IP addresses such as,, or let you access it.

Because we’re talking about private IP addresses, you need to keep in mind that accessing a router’s web interface is possible only when you’re on the same network as the router. What’s more, you need to know the right login and password combination otherwise you won’t be able to get past the initial login window.

To log in to a router using the IP address:

  1. Go to your computer or laptop and connect to the router using an Ethernet cable. Sometimes a wireless connection is enough, but don’t count on it
  2. Open a web browser and go to
  1. You should see a login page open in your web browser, asking you to enter the default admin username and password.
  1. Provided that you’ve been able to log in, you should now have full access to the router’s web interface.
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What if I Forget My Login and Password?

If you don’t know your login and password, you should try entering “admin” for both fields as this is the default login combination for most routers. Here’s a short list of other common default login combinations:

Username Password
Comcast Business routers cusadmin highspeed
Comcast routers Admin password
Netgear routers admin password / 1234
Xfinity home routers admin password

For more router passwords, we recommend you visit Default Router Password List, the internet’s largest and most updated default router passwords database.

If everything fails and you find yourself unable to enter your router’s web interface despite multiple attempts, we recommend you contact your internet service provider (ISP) and ask for help. Sometimes, it’s helpful to reset the router to its factory settings, which resets the password as well. This is how you can do it:

  • With the router powered on, turn it to the side.

  • Look for the Reset button. It might be on the back or the bottom.

  • Use a paperclip or something pointy to hold the Reset button down for at least 10 seconds. Some routers require you to hold down the Reset button for as much as 30 seconds.

  • Wait another 30 seconds After releasing the Reset button for the router to fully reset and power back on. You should be able to tell that the router has finished booting up by the state of its LED indicator lights.

Keep in mind that resetting your router to its factory settings will erase all previous configuration, including your Wi-Fi network and its password.


The isn’t a valid IP address. It should be, which is a private IP address used by many routers to identify themselves on computer networks. By visiting this IP address, you can access the web interface of the corresponding router and change its settings. Private IP addresses such as are not accessible from the internet, which makes them inherently more secure compared with public IP addresses.

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Wireless Routers IPs:

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