How to Change a WiFi Channel on Your Router
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What is WiFi 6 and How Will it Affect Me?

The underlying technology and standards which drive WiFi have evolved along with its uses. The latest iteration of WiFi standards is known as WiFi 6. Let’s take a look at what the new generation of WiFi is all about.
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What is WiFi 6?

WiFi 6 is the newest version of WiFi and is based on the IEEE 802.11ax standard. It provides a number of advantages over older WiFi technology which we will discuss shortly. It is accompanied by a new naming convention that is designed to enable users to more easily understand the type of devices they are using.

Under the new naming convention, here are how WiFi would have been defined in the past and will be identified going forward. The WiFi generation name is linked to the IEEE standard that they support.

  • WiFi 1 – 802.11b, released in 1999
  • WiFi 2 – 802.11a, released in 1999
  • WiFi 3 – 802.11g, released in 2003
  • WiFi 4 – 802.11n, released in 2009
  • WiFi 5 – 802.11ac, released in 2014
  • WiFi 6 – 802.11ax, released in 2019

Along with the new method if identifying various generations of WiFi technology is the concept of clearly labeling devices and software that support different types of WiFi. This is intended to make it easier for the general WiFi user to understand the capabilities of their devices and software and make more informed choices regarding upgrades and equipment purchases.

This means you should start seeing devices that advertise they support WiFi 6 rather than the 802.11ax standard. That certainly is easier to remember. You will also see devices that have passed the WiFi Alliance’s certification process that are now labeled “WiFi 6 Certified”. The WiFi Alliance is recommending that all hardware and software manufacturers adopt the labeling conventions to standardize the information presented to consumers.

What are the Advantages of WiFi 6?

WiFi 6 is more than just a new name and a set of labeling conventions. There are many significant improvements that are incorporated into WiFi 6 that will make it much more useful to wireless users around the world. Let’s take a closer look at some of the advantages of using WiFi 6 technology.

Greater data transfer speed

Each generation of WiFi has provided greater data transfer speed and WiFi 6 is no exception. The theoretical speed of WiFi 6 is 10Gbps. It achieves this speed increase by combining the 2.4GHx and 5GHz spectrum bands and employing MU-MIMO technology for both uplink and downlink data transfers.

More efficient data encoding leads to the higher throughput. More powerful chips used to encode and decode signals allow more data to be carried by the same radio waves. A single device can achieve up to 40% faster data transfer when using WiFi 6 versus WiFi 5. Even 2.4GHz networks will experience increased speeds when using a WiFi 6 router.

Increased battery life

Another important benefit afforded by the move to WiFi 6 is the increased battery life that devices accessing a WiFi 6 network will enjoy. This improvement is beneficial to the average user and can be a critical factor in enabling low-power devices that comprise the Internet of Things (IoT) to make use of WiFi communication.

Battery life is extended through a feature known as target wake time (TWT). TWT enables the WiFi access point to communicate with your device to tell it when exactly to turn its WiFi radio to wake up and go to sleep. This helps conserve power as your device will spend more time in sleep mode than with previous WiFi implementations.

Better performance in congested settings

One of the ways that WiFi performance can be negatively affected is when it is used in crowded areas where there is competition for the signal. WiFi 6 employs a number of new technologies to increase the utility of WiFi by minimizing the problems of network congestion.

One way this is accomplished is with a technology known as Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA). This allows a wireless channel to be divided into a number of sub-channels that can each be used to carry data for a different device. This allows a single access point to communicate with more devices simultaneously.

Improvements in Multiple In/Multiple Out (MIMO) capabilities now allow a router with multiple antennas to both send and receive data transmissions from multiple devices at the same time. WiFi 5 could only send, but not receive multiple signals at once. This will lead to better performance in situations where many users are attempting to access the network.

Improvements in beamforming are also part of the WiFi 6 standard. Beamforming focuses a stronger signal in the direction of connected devices rather than broadcasting at the same level in all directions. The router attempts to optimize the signals that it sends to a specific device.

These are some of the ways that WiFi 6 alleviates the problems of accessing WiFi in congested settings such as sports arenas or entertainment venues. It promises to make connecting to wireless networks more efficient no matter where you are located.

Should I Consider Upgrading to WiFi 6?

There is certainly a great allure to use WiFi 6 to achieve faster and more optimized WiFi performance. WiFi 6 is being introduced in 2019, and devices that are able to take advantage of its full capabilities may not be immediately available. Here are some factors to consider if you are thinking about upgrading to WiFi 6.

Equipment upgrades will be necessary – You obviously will need a new router that supports WiFi 6. Simply having the router will not necessarily lead to performance improvements as the devices accessing the network need to be WiFi 6 compliant in order to enjoy all the benefits of the new standard. If you are trying to upgrade your WiFi performance and all of your devices are capable of using WiFi 5, then you may be better served by purchasing a new WiFi 5 router.

An increasing number of wireless devices – As the number of wireless-capable devices in the average household increases, the benefits of employing a WiFi 6 network are more evident. If you plan on implementing smart home technology or just want to be prepared for future growth, your next router purchase should be a device of the WiFi 6 variety.

If you are satisfied with your current WiFi network and its performance, you should file away the WiFi 6 information for when you are preparing for your next purchase. Perhaps you will be faced with WiFi 7 as an option by then.

A good route to follow if you are considering an upgrade is to conduct a detailed survey of your current WiFi network and its coverage area. Using a dedicated WiFi analysis tool like NetSpot will help you find issues with your WiFi network as well as plan for a new implementation. It’s a great tool for anyone who is responsible for maintaining a wireless network.

Quality WiFi 6 Routers

Here are a few quality WiFi 6 routers that are now or will soon be on the market.

ASUS RT-AX88U

This router by ASUS conforms to the 802.11ax standard and supports MU-MIMO and OFDMA technology. It contains 8 LAN ports and 4 antennas and is compatible with ASUS mesh WiFi systems.

ASUS RT-AX88U

It also offers commercial-grade security through its AiProtection feature.

Netgear Nighthawk AX8

Netgear’s Nighthawk AX8 fully supports the WiFi 6 standards and provides for up to 4 simultaneous WiFi streams. It is backward compatible with all of your current wireless devices and is easy to set up and manage.

Netgear Nighthawk AX8

The router’s powerful 64-bit processor delivers a smooth streaming and gaming experience.

TP-Link Archer AX6000

The Archer AX600 by TP-Link is another router that promises to deliver the increased speed and connectivity inherent in the WiFi 6 standards. It supports OFDMA for better performance in congested settings and uses intelligent band steering to direct users to less used bands.

TP-Link Archer AX6000

Parental controls and anti-virus protection are built into the device for increased network protection.

As 2019 unfolds, there will be more emphasis put on devices and routers that provide WiFi 6 capabilities. If your wireless network is impacted by issues of congestion or slow performance, the move to WiFi 6 may well be your best move. Even if you are satisfied with your current WiFi situation, future purchases should be made with an eye toward the eventual shift to WiFi 6. You will want to ensure that your money is well-spent and the devices you obtain can make use of this exciting new wireless standard.

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Read next in All about Wi-Fi

If you want to dive deeper into this Wi-Fi thing, check out the following articles about Wi-Fi security, the best apps for wireless networking, inflight WiFi, etc.

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How to Change WiFi Channel and Find the Best WiFi Channel

To enjoy the fastest WiFi speeds achievable with your internet connection, you need to be sure that you’re on the best WiFi channel you can be.
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Let’s take a look at how you can use NetSpot, a professional WiFi channel scanner and site survey app for macOS and Windows, to find the best WiFi channel for your particular location so that you can change WiFi channel without guessing.

What Is WiFi Channel?

The 802.11 standard for WiFi networks provides several distinct radio frequency ranges for use in WiFi communications, with the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands being used most often. Both of these frequency bands consist of multiple channels.

The 2.4 GHz band has a total of fourteen channels, but not all of them are allowed in all countries. In North America, for example, only 11 of the 14 channels can be used. Each channel in the 2.4 GHz band is 22 MHz wide, and there are 5 MHz gaps between the centers of adjacent channels.

This means that all channels except for the channels 1, 6, and 11 (or 2, 7, 12 or 3, 8, 13 or 4, 9, 14, if allowed) overlap.

Channels
Channels

The situation is a lot better in the 5 GHz band because there’s much more space. The 5 GHz band offers 23 non-overlapping 20 MHz wide channels, as well as several 40 MHz, 80 MHz, and 160 MHz channels.

When two or more WiFi routers are on the same channel, interference may occur and reduce the throughput of the network. Interference may also occur when multiple WiFi routers broadcast on overlapping channels. Ideally, each router in an area should broadcast on a different non-interfering channel, which is only possible with the help of a WiFi channel analyzer tool such as NetSpot.

Channels NetSpot
Channels NetSpot

While WiFi routers have been broadcasting on the 2.4 GHz band since the original version of the 802.11 standard was released in 1997, the 5 GHz band hasn’t seen much in terms of utilization until the release of the 802.11n standard in 2009.

The latest WiFi standard, 802.11ac, supports both the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands, giving users who know how to change WiFi channel an excellent opportunity to achieve higher speeds and greater coverage.

How to Use a WiFi Channel Analyzer?

NetSpot is a versatile WiFi site survey, WiFi analysis, and troubleshooting tool for macOS and Windows that can also be used as a WiFi channel analyzer to show WiFi channel overlap. All you need to do is download NetSpot, launch it, and click the Discover button located in the top toolbar.

From there, select all available WiFi networks by clicking on the small square button right under the Discover button, highlight the network you would like to analyze, and click Details from the bottom toolbar.

Discover Mode
Discover Mode

Now, switch to the Channels 2.4 GHz tab and, if you want, tick the “Show average value for inactive networks” option to see even currently inactive networks and their average values. Just by looking at the channel graph displayed by NetSpot, you should be able to instantly tell whether you’re on the best channel for WiFi in your area.

Channel graph
Channel graph

If there are too many other networks broadcasting on the same channel as your network or overlapping with the channel you have currently selected, it’s time for you to change WiFi channel.

Besides helping you understand WiFi channel overlap, you can also use NetSpot to create a comprehensive WiFi coverage heat map with Survey mode. By outlining your real-life WiFi data on a map, you can easily discover all areas of signal weakness and decide if it wouldn’t be better to place your router elsewhere. All the information you gather with NetSpot can be exported in PDF or CSV and used in other applications.

WiFi Heatmap by NetSpot
WiFi Heatmap by NetSpot

What’s great about NetSpot is that you can download it for free and run it on any macOS or Windows computer with a standard 802.11a/b/g/n/ac wireless network adapter. NetSpot supports 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz frequency bands at 20/40/80/160 MHz channels, making it fully compatible with the latest WiFi standard.

How to Change WiFi Channel?

Even the most basic routers allow you to change WiFi channel. To do so, you first need to log into your router’s admin interface. If you don’t know what your router’s IP address is, open a Command Prompt in Windows and type “ipconfig” without the quotes. Look for “Default Gateway” and copy & paste the address next to it into your browser’s URL bar.

You should now see your router’s admin interface and a login prompt asking you to enter the admin password. Unless you’ve changed the default password to something more secure, “admin” should work. If it doesn’t, look for a sticker on your router or contact your internet service provider to help you.

Each router is slightly different, but most routers hide the option to change WiFi channel somewhere in the advanced settings menu. If you can’t find it there, we recommend you open your router’s manual and see if it mentions how to do it. After you’ve changed the channel, launch NetSpot one more time and verify that your router is really broadcasting on the best channel.

Conclusion

Many WiFi issues are caused by the use of a wrong WiFi channel. When multiple networks broadcast on overlapping channels, interference may occur and make what would otherwise be a stable and reliable network unusable.

To prevent this from happening, use a WiFi channel analyzer such as NetSpot to identify the best WiFi channel in your area. NetSpot can also help you decide whether the time has come to replace your current router with a newer model, one that supports the latest WiFi standard.

Have more questions?
Submit a request or write a couple words.

Read next in All about Wi-Fi

If you want to dive deeper into this Wi-Fi thing, check out the following articles about Wi-Fi security, the best apps for wireless networking, inflight WiFi, etc.

Other Articles

Get NetSpot for Free
Wi-Fi Site Surveys, Analysis, Troubleshooting runs on a MacBook (macOS 10.10+) or any laptop (Windows 7/8/10) with a standard 802.11a/b/g/n/ac wireless network adapter.