Today, wireless connectivity is becoming an increasingly common feature in all kinds of devices, including home appliances, wearables, and security cameras. Without a strong Wi-Fi signal, it’s impossible for wireless devices to reliably connect to the internet and transmit data.
A strong Wi-Fi signal makes it possible for connected devices to move from room to room while streaming high-definition online video or downloading files from the internet without losing connection, which greatly improves the user experience.
These and other benefits of a strong Wi-Fi signal highlight its importance and make Wi-Fi signal strength optimization a task worth pursuing.
Computers and mobile devices typically indicate Wi-Fi signal strength with signal bars, with 0 to 1 bar being considered a very poor signal and 3 or more bars being considered a good signal. In reality, these signal bars are simply visual representations of something called received signal strength indicator (RSSI).
RSSI is a measurement of the power present in a received radio signal, and it’s indicated in decibels per milliwatt (dBm). The closer this number is to zero, the strong the signal is. Generally, -80 dBm is considered to be the minimum signal strength for basic connectivity, while -67 dBm is good enough even for streaming and other demanding tasks.
RSSI a measurement of the power present in a received radio signal, and it can be easily measured using a Wi-Fi signal strength app. Some Wi-Fi signal strength apps can even monitor the strength of a Wi-Fi signal in real-time and display the results for multiple networks at the same time.
The received signal strength can even be visualized and turned into a signal heatmap, which makes it much easier to evaluate the coverage of a Wi-Fi network and optimize its performance.
When setting up and maintaining a wireless network, you'll want to maintain good signal strength in all areas within the network perimeter. "Dead" spots of weak signal strength can cause connections to be dropped. With more and more people moving around while connected to the Internet through their smartphone or tablet, these dead spots have become more problematic.
NetSpot is a wireless signal assessment and site survey application for Mac. It provides two ways of measuring your WLAN signal strength.
The first — and quickest — way is to use Discover Mode:
If you just need to measure your wireless network signal strength in one location, then Discover Mode is all you need. However, if you wish to measure signal strength throughout your network area, you'll want to do a full site survey. This is how to do it:
Apple’s macOS and Microsoft’s Windows come with built-in support for wireless network connections and corresponding utilities that allow users to connect to WiFi networks and measure WiFi signal strength. These utilities are arguably the quickest and easiest way how to measure the strength of a wireless network, but their accuracy tends to be subpar, which is why we can’t recommend them over NetSpot.
This is how to use the built-in WiFi signal strength utility on macOS:
You can also try other Window options, like Scan or Performance, to see other useful diagnostic information.
This is how to measure WiFi signal strength on Windows:
Of course, you can always simply click on the WiFi indicator icon located in the taskbar on Windows and macOS and count the number of solid bars.
An online internet speed test won’t actually be able to measure your WiFi signal strength, but they can tell you the maximum download and upload speeds your internet connection can achieve. By comparing the measured speeds with the speeds declared by your internet service provider, you can get a pretty good idea about the strength of the WiFi signal in your location.
Just keep in mind that there are many other factors that can potentially influence your download and upload speeds, such as the software you run, number of users on your network, ISP network bottlenecks, and more.
To measure your download and upload speeds using an online speed test:
Speedtest by Ookla is just one of many internet speed test applications that are readily available online. Popular alternatives to Speedtest by Ookla include Fast.com, SpeedOf.Me, TestMy.net, Internet Health Test, and SpeedSmart. The main reason why Speedtest by Ookla has earned our recommendation has to do with the fact that it has servers all around the world, which ensures high accuracy of its tests.
The common name for the received radio signal power level in a wireless network is RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indicator). WiFi signal strength is typically measured in decibel milliwatts (dBm), a unit of the level that is used to indicate that a power ratio is expressed in decibels (dB) with reference to one milliwatt (mW).
When interpreting this unit, it’s important to keep in mind that the decibel scale is logarithmic and not linear. As such, 3 dB increase in level doubles signal strength, while 10 dB increase in level is equivalent to a 10-fold increase in power. To better understand what this means in practice, let’s take a look at the table below, which describes various levels of signal strength loss and how they affect network performance.
|Expected quality||Minimum signal strength for applications that require very reliable, timely delivery of data packets.|
|Expected quality||The maximum signal strength that is achievable under controlled conditions.|
|Required for||Voice over IP and real-time streaming video|
|Expected quality||Minimum signal strength for reliable packet delivery and tasks such as email.|
|Required for||Email and light web browsing|
|Expected quality||Minimum signal strength for basic connectivity, such as connecting to the network.|
|Required for||Connecting to the network|
|Expected quality||Extremely poor signal strength that makes any functionality, including connecting to the network, highly unlikely.|
Generally, signal strength between -55 dBm and -75 dBm is acceptable, depending on how close or far away from your wireless router you happen to be. If you’re in the same room as your wireless router and have trouble achieving good network performance, the chances are that there is a lot of environmental noise from various electronic devices and other wireless networks.
You can see just how much noise there is by measuring the Signal-to-Noise ratio (SNR), which is the difference in decibels between the received signal and the background noise level. For example, if you receive a signal of -70 dBm and the noise floor is measured at – 80 dBm, the SNR is 10 dB. Of course, you want the Signal-to-Noise ratio to be as high as possible so that it’s less likely for a signal to disappear in environmental noise.
Improving Wi-Fi signal strength is neither difficult nor expensive — at least it doesn’t have to be. There are many things that you can do to instantly improve the strength of your Wi-Fi signal while keeping your current router, including the following:
If you’re still not satisfied with the strength of your Wi-Fi signal, you might really need to replace your Wi-Fi router with a newer, more powerful model.
A new router will also allow you to take advantage of the latest wireless technologies, such as MU-MIMO (which stands for multi-user, multiple input, multiple output) and beamforming, both of which can be real game-changers when it comes to eliminating signal weak zones and achieving consistently high data transfer speeds.
Once you have completed your survey, there are three WiFi heatmap visualizations you will want to view:
Once you've identified areas of low Wi-Fi signal strength, you can take steps to correct it. Options include: moving an access point/router, adding a new access point, or installing Wi-Fi signal repeater or a WiFi extender.
If it's a high noise level that's the problem, you can take steps to reduce the noise by moving your access point, moving or shielding the interfering device, or switching from the 2.4 GHz band to the 5 GHz one. If the problem is high levels of interference, try changing channels to one with less interference. See these troubleshooting guides to learn more about signal level, noise level and channel interference.
There are several ways to check WiFi signal strength. If you want to obtain accurate readings without too much effort, we recommend you use a WiFi signal strength analyzer like NetSpot. If you just want to quickly see how good or bad your signal is, you can use a smartphone as a makeshift WiFi analyzer.
WiFi signal strength is indicated in decibels per milliwatt (dBm), and a signal strength higher than -70 dBm is generally considered to be good enough for most basic tasks. For bandwidth- or latency-intensive tasks such as high-definition streaming or online gaming, you should aim for at least -67 dBm.
There are two ways to check your WiFi signal strength on iPhone. You can open the Settings app and click Wi-Fi to see a list of all available WiFi networks and their signal strengths. Alternatively, you can download a WiFi analyzer app from the App Store and use it to collect more accurate data.
That depends largely on the intended usage since email and casual web browsing, for example, require far less bandwidth than, let’s say, video streaming or group video conferencing. That said, a signal strength between -55 dBm and -75 dBm is acceptable for most tasks, but it’s a good idea to stay away from the lower end of the spectrum.
The simplest way to increase your phone’s signal strength is to move closer to the router. Of course, that’s not always possible, which is where various WiFi signal strength optimization techniques come into play. They include finding a more suitable WiFi channel, taking advantage of the 5 GHz band, placing the router in the optimal location, and so on.
Your WiFi signal strength is measured in decibels per milliwatt (dBm), and it’s expressed in negative values, with -70 dBm being much worse than -60 dBm. If your WiFi signal strength is at least -70 dBm, you should be able to do all basic online tasks, such as browse the web and send emails.
Whenever you are setting up something new, you want to have it properly done from the beginning. Same goes to WiFi networks. "Dead" spots with weak to no signal can affect the quality of your wireless experience greatly. By measuring WiFi signal strength and achieving an optimal setup you'll eliminate many common issues arising in WiFi networks.
To measure WiFi signal with the built-in utility on macOS perform the following:
Follow these steps to measure WiFi signal strength on Windows:
Alternatively you can use the WiFi indicator icon located in the taskbar on Windows and macOS to eyeball the strength of connection.
WiFi signal strength is expressed in dBm, which stands for decibels relative to a milliwatt.
When reading signal strength measurements, you need to know that dBm is expressed in negatives. -30 will be a higher level of signal than -80. Also remember that the decibel scale is logarithmic and not linear: 3 dB increase in level doubles signal strength, while 10 dB increase in level is equivalent to a 10-fold increase in power. In general if you get -70 or -65 dBm, you have a good signal.
Perform a WiFi survey and have a look at the following visualizations: